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THE GUARDI PUBLISHED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE CATHEDRAL CHAPTER OF THE DIOCESE OF NEBRASKA. "ONE CATHOLIC AND APOSTOLIC CHURCH. " PUBLICATION" OFFICB ) H T No. 3J» CAPITOL AVENUE, j » ( 'L. 1. OMAHA, NEBRASKA, APRIL 1. 1873. VT 4 . PUBLISHED EVERY MONTH. "• **• \ AT ONE DOLLAR PER VEAR. THE GUARDIAN, a PAPER OP CHURCH K1W8 AND LITERATURE. PLULISMIU EV CKV M ONTH, AT 11 per Annum ; or Ten Cents each for single Copies. Till REV. ALEXANDER C. OARRETT. D.D., EDITOE. Printed by MULM k RICHARDS'*, *T the office of the Omaha Ilemld. RASTER DAY.' And as they were sfrsid, and bowed down tbelr fare* to tbe earth, they »ai<l unto them. Why *eek ye the living among the dead ? He la not here, hut la rla en.— 8t. Luke, isiv. 5,6. (Almighty Ood, who through thine only begotten Bon Jesus Christ liasl ororeotne death, and opened unto ua the Kate of eyerUating life ; we humhly I" • h th . e, ihnt aa, y thy apeelal grace preventing ua, thou float put Into our minda good deairea ; ao by thy continual help we may hrllig the anine to good effect, through Jeaua t'liriat our Lord, who liveth and reigneth with thee antl the lioly Uhoal, ever one Gotl, world without end. Aaix. Oh flay of daya t ahull heart* act freet No " uilnatrel rapture " Hud for Thee? 'I liou rrt th • Sun »f other <l»> -, They ahine by giring back thy rsya ; Enthroned In thy rovereign sphere Tln.it aheild'at thy light on all the year: Sunday* by Thee more glorloua break, Alt Eaater Day In every week it And week-dnva. following In their train, • The tullneaa of thy blearing gain, Till all, both reatfng nnd employ, He one Lord'a day of holy Joy.} .Than wake, my »oul. to high deairea,| And earlier light thine altar (Ire* t I ho World aotne hnura la on her way, Nor thinka on thee thou hleaaad day.5 Or. If «he think It I* In acorn t The vernnl light of Eaater tnurn 1 o her dark gaao no brighter neema Than Rcaaon'a or the Law's pale bcama. «• S!l"® '* y»ur Hod ?" rhe scornful aaka t < w he re I* hi* hire?" We know hi* tasks; Son* of a king ye boaat to he: * Let uv your crowna and trea*urea fee." Wo In the word* of Truth reply, (An nniel brought them f nm lh« »ky) Jhtt crown, onr treasure la not here. Ma stor'd above the highest sphere : " Mcthlnkw yotir wladom guide* amisa, .. *pp* ?n p*r,b * Christian's hll**: • )!* w"tch not now the ptnno; Our only Lord is risen And yonc/' Yet even the lifeless atone Is dear ror thoughts of Him who late lay here; And the base world, now Christ hath died. Ennobled is and glorified. No more a charnel-house, to fence The relics of lost innocence, A v ault of ruin and decay ; Th imprisoning atone is roll'd away. |Tis now a cell, where angels use In conic and go with heavenly newa. And in the ears of mourners say, ' Come, see the place where Jesus lay." "Tis now a f ane, where Love can find Christ everywhere embnlm'd and shrinM ; Aye gathering up memorials sweet, hcre'er she sets her duteous feet. Oh I joy to Mary first allowed, w hen mus'd from weeping o'er his shroud, By his own calm.soul-soothing tone, Breathing her name, as still his own I Joy to the faithful Three renew'd As their glad errand they pursued I Happy, who so Christ's word convey, That He may meet hem on their way I Bo is it still: to holy tears, I n lo nely hoars, Christ risen appears : In social hours, who Christ would see. Must turn all tasks to Charity. — KtUt'i C hriitiMn 7 'tmr. Easter, derived fVom a Faxon word meaning to rise is the name giTen to the festival wbirh con numerate, tb0 resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, n alwavs held on the Bnnday after the fnl! moon which Immediatelv succeeds the 21st day of Marrh. the vernal en dn0x The occurrence of Easter Sunday regulates all the moVeable mMVaWn K « imr,i It cannot be earlier than the 22d of h. nor later than the 1Mb of April. t Easter was anciently railed the Great Day, the Feast of Feasts and the Queen of Feasts. "0' of ,bp wr, k- Bunday. being hallowed ftem 2, M?t w£. ?:nkryCE^eern,0r',iVe0f ,hC re,nrrecticn' * -iI- hv o"ung. hJ l,tpurnpn by" ? un.« to *bhiunte tehnisd,e avor? *e count three hundred : but wetniM: There is but om. And that one, KTRR." Fetter, hy Gtsrge H erbert. '' - hi. P„i« Who takes thee by the hand, that thou likewise w ith htm mayest rise " " S^trr," b y G nrge H trbtrt. I" It is Raster, beautiful (aster. The time in all year when nature's types most clearly shadow forth the U l£e Christian dispensation For the fiit butterfly has burst from its grave-clothes, and is g^ne nn ^ iei*Ten in. ,be lixht of this season : and look ! a thousand blossoms hang > n branches that were to all an ,a*1 weak—nay! that but a fortnight »£» hth«e« Srh «^:!tnh ir• ,^h °djnsC. *Wtl>r a*p pbepd* Tnyr ., 0ais,d t h0efy , nwoewre : b *y» G"Io kde"e, ohwown voice ontf Oo-I in the gaartr*d efon1,^ awndi, bkinn rfsotl dt liheiarv ec ehreeamrde rtht,e •r ehn»e rw^ned, 1A ti fthemi j 'AA nd 'he rrptm™ro,,siec*s tiono tharpe >n"fpe .H reo uhnads the foot of the old cross, and the daisies and the cuckoo flowers are awake and. rising out ot their graves nude; every heeige, tell their tale of hope and the resurrection " —b « C.asfry , D.*th„ THE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW OF THE GENERAL CONVENTION. No- S. We propose to show that the General Convention is the Supreme power in the Church of this country by the ecclesiastical organisation in primitive times. The line of the argument is this: by showing that the Convention had a corresponding body in the early Church, and then by showing that the powers of that type wore supreme over the dioceses, we may claim that the point in that direction is made out. It is neoessary to give a preliminary statement of the organization of the primitive Church. That system was most complex, exact, and rigid. Depressed and persecuted— kept under and out of sight of the world until the days of Constantino, when he recognized the Church as a co-ordinate power with the State, the great and astounding fact became revealed to the eyes of all men that she possessed a system of government as |>erfoct, with grades And orders as regular, as closely related, as compact as the Empire. And it was found that this system of the Church corresponded wi th that of the State. This is a most interesting fact; antl, clearly apprehended, will enable us to conceive clearly the ecclesiastical order of those early days. The Roman world both in the latter tlnvs of the Republic and the early centuries of the Empire was governed by cities. In each city was a municipal government formed on the plan of Rome herself. Here was the *Srn-atm; and generally a chief offi cer called sometimes a Dictator and sometimes Defensor Ciritati*. The jurisdiction of the City extended beyond the walls, over the outlying district including the villages nnd settlements therein. And the name of the territory thus governed was PARISH. Just so it was in the Church. In each City was the Bishop,who,with very large jtower, and by his direct nnd personal supervision nnd authority governed tne Ciritats Dei; and with him was the body of his clergy, the elders among them, closely attached to his jtcrson, obeying his orders, but sharing in his counsel, formed his Senatus. This was the primary order for the government of the Church. For nn account of the manner in which this government carried on the great work, we must content ourselves by referring the reader to the extract which Dr. Garrett made in his sermon before th e Cathedral Chapter, from Mr. Hope's splendid article in "Essays on Cathedrals." But the city magistrates did not exercise a simple uncontrolled jurisdiction and authority. For the manner in which tlicy discharges! their duties thev were resj>onsi-ble to the Proconsul or other officer of like rank and authority of the PROVINCE. This included all the parishes of a certain district of country, and was generally contcrminus with a nation or people. Sometimes, and, in fact, generally, some centuries after the establishment of the Empire, the provinces were divided and greatly multiplied. The seat of government of the province was established in the metropolis or chief citv, and here were heard the appeals for the orders and decrees of the municipal officers. For were the Bishops irresponsible. The J august and awful functions committed to ; them were exercised in subordination to a i superior Itody. Then the true theory of the j Episcopate, from whit h individualism is now-a- davs too apt to carry us away,was strongly held. "The Episcopate of the whole world was held to be a unit, to which as to a never dying COLLEGE OF AP OSTI.ES was committed the ingathering and safe-keeping of the FLOCK OF CHRIST. Of this sacred college even' Bidiop in his parish was the representative." His government was not, therefore, a personal government; it was part of the charge of the undivided Episcopate. And thus it happened that the Bishops of all the parishes in the province, were generally twice a year assembled together, and maintained a most strict and thorough control over each one of their number and each part of their country. The Provincial Synod was a real pow er in even' parish. Here was the apfieal from the decisions of the individual Bishops and inquiry into the life and doctrine ot all the clergy. They usually convened in the metropolis, and the Bishop of that city presided, and his power grew with the necessities of the Church for a strict and West Point. In 1827 he resigned his position to assume pastoral duties in Brooklyn, and in 1831 w as made Professor of the Evidences of revealed Religion in the University of the City of New York. In the next year he was made Bishop of Ohio and President of Kenyon College. Bishop Moll vaine was one of the leaders of the Episcopal Church in this country, and his learned energetic executive. In the Synod when and prolific pen has greatly enriched its theological literature. His chief works were " Evidences of Christianity," which has passed through thirty editions; "Oxford divinity Compared with that of the Roman and Anglican Churches," a work well known to persons interested in tliat controversy; "The Holy Catholic Church;" " Valedictory offering;" "A Word in season to Condi da tea for Confirmation;" "The doo-trines of the Protestant Episcopal Church as to Confirmation;" "Chief danger of the Church;" "The truth and the Life," a series of twenty-two discourses, and " Directions to Inquiring Souls." He has also edited "Select Family and Parish Sermons," and menioijH of the Rev. Henry W. Fox and ehe Iicv. Charles Simeon. He was honored by Cambridge with the degree of LL. I). in 18f)8; and hy Oxford with that of 1). C. L. in 1858. Bishop Mcllvaine endeared himself to his eon n try men during the civil war hy his noble and invaluable services in the Sanitary and Christian Commissions, nnd he was one of those eloquent men who, at the darkest hour of the struggle went abroad to defend the causeof the Union before the English people, who were selling their faces towards the recognition of Confederate independence.—Chicago Tribune. convened, he had no power more extended than any other. He was primus inter pares —a President of the deliberative assembly —no more. In Africa, however, the Presidency of the metropolitical power was held by the Senior Bishop. The existence of the province was of very early origin— traces are to be found in the records of the middle of the second century. Returning now to the civil order, we find that in Constantino's age the provinces had been increased from seventeen at the establishment of the empire to nearly one hundred and twenty. It followed that some unity and solidity of administration required som e more central government, nnd accordingly thirteen districts called Dioceses were formed, some from three, others more, up to seventeen provinces. The officer in this extended jurisdiction was called Eparch or Vicar of the Empire. To this jiower lay appeals from the officers of the provinces nnd thence was exercised the supervisory control over them. Alxiut the same time, the DIOCESE, 80 called, was organized in the Church, and its chief officer was called ARCHBISHOP. This officer was much more than the peer of the other Bishops; he had certain exclusive powers nnd rights in his Diocese, although lie had none over others of the same rank. Precedence was accorded to the Bishops of Rome, nnd Constantinople ns the Capitals of the the world, but no more efficient functions. Whenever a Provincial Synod could not arrive at a moral unanimity upon a question of iinjiortancc, the whole matter was referred to the Greater Synod of the Diocese, and a Bishop might appeal from the judgment of the Provincial Synod to the same great body. But in no ease was there any higher court. One further order remains to be noticed in the Imperial System. There were four Prefects, who were the highest officers of the Empire and exercised the supreme administration of justice and the finances. Corresponding to these c ivil officers, there came at length to be in the Church the Patriarchs— a name which was applied to certain of the Archbishops. But tliev held no superior functions till the arrogant claimsofthe Papacy. Of course there remained at last the Empire, one supreme and universal source of all authority nnd fou ntain of all law. And so too, there was the CHURCH CATHOLIC whose General Councils, where Jesus glorified, and triumphant, fulfilled in especial manner His promise to be with His Ajiostles even unto the end of the world, declared with infallible certainty the dogmas of the Christian faith. From this cursory survey of the successive orders in the Church, it is not difficult to fix the corrcsjionding grade of the General Convention. It is the Synod of the Province formed bv th e Parishes—now called Dioceses of these United States. Its chief officer is the metropolitan who is according to the African system the Senior Bishop, and he is called the Presiding Bishop. The Patriarch of the in any mission field, since "If God be for us Anglican Communion is the Archbishop of who shall be against us?" Surely the spirit Canterbury. In our next article we shall I of thi s declaration will make the young mis-define more exactly the jurisdiction of the sionarv bold in the Masters service, even LEAVES OF MISSIONARY RECOLLECTIONS. Not 3. To THK EDITOR : I presume it is true of most clergymen that they are quite unable to comprehend all the forces which have controlled their movements in different directions, and towards different fields of labor. For myself I can truly say that I think I was led into the ministry, and have since been led into my several fields of missionary duty by paths not of my own choosing. Hardly two years had been passed in a diligent effort to complete the church, and place the parish at Cedar Rapids upon a good basis, when the jurisdiction of Iowa passed from the hands of Bishop Kemper. We had, too, during those years, been passing through an ordeal of sickness, and my ministrations in the services were under such circumstances of physical weakness that, on several occasions, 1 was only restored to consciousness by cold water plentifully administered. It was not strange, then, that when opportunity providentially presented itself, I gladly re'raoed my steps to the Mississippi, and entered on the work at Rock Island, a new field in a city of considerable commercial importance, and where all the different denominations were well organized and officered, having fine and commodious church buildings. I have often been surprised at my boldness in assuming the work of Church extension under such circumstances ; yet, who of faithful spirit has a right to fear the result Province. DEATH OF BISHOP Mc-ILVAINE. The Right Reverend Charles Pettit Me livable, Bishop of the protcstant Episcopal Diocese of Ohio, died yesterdav, at Florence Italy. He was the son of United States Senator Mcllvaine, of Xew Jersey, and was born at Burlington, X. J., in 1798. After being graduated at Princeton, College and receiving Deacon's orders, he was in 1825, made Proffessor of Ethics and History at beyond himself. There was but one male communicant in a city of 3,000, and in two weeks he was was called to the field.above; so that my fellow-helpers were a few faithful females. Sonu the church gained a good name and an influence, and men and women were found zealously devoted, and working in unity and godlv love; so that a hall was fitted up in churehly style, and our services rendered attractive. Yours truly, A MISSIONARY.
|Title||The Guardian - Vol.1, No.4, April 1873|
|Creator||Episcopal Diocese of Nebraska|
|Subject||Nebraska; Omaha (Neb.); Episcopal Diocese of Nebraska; Episcopal Church;|
|Repository||The originals and other historical material is available in the archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Nebraska. Contact the Diocesan Offices for more information: 402.341.5373, firstname.lastname@example.org, 109 North 18th St., Omaha, NE 68102.|
|Format Original||B/W Document|
THE GUARDI PUBLISHED UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE CATHEDRAL CHAPTER OF THE DIOCESE OF NEBRASKA.
"ONE CATHOLIC AND APOSTOLIC CHURCH. "
PUBLICATION" OFFICB ) H T
No. 3J» CAPITOL AVENUE, j » ( 'L. 1. OMAHA, NEBRASKA, APRIL 1. 1873. VT 4 . PUBLISHED EVERY MONTH.
"• **• \ AT ONE DOLLAR PER VEAR.
a PAPER OP CHURCH K1W8 AND LITERATURE.
PLULISMIU EV CKV M ONTH, AT
11 per Annum ; or Ten Cents each for single Copies.
Till REV. ALEXANDER C. OARRETT. D.D., EDITOE.
Printed by MULM k RICHARDS'*, *T the office of the
And as they were sfrsid, and bowed down tbelr fare* to
tbe earth, they »ai